Dobson is a town in Dobson Township, Surry County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 1,586. It is the county seat of Surry County. Dobson is the home of the Shelton Vineyards, the largest winery in North Carolina. Dobson was established as the county seat in 1853, replacing Rockford after all land in Surry County south of the Yadkin River was used to form Yadkin County. Dobson was named for prominent Rockford and Surry County citizen William Polk Dobson who was also the cousin of former president, James K. Polk.